1. Special Needs in Children

    1. Blood Conditions

      1. Blood Disorder
      2. Hemophilia
      3. Hepatitis B Positive
      4. Hepatitis C
      5. HIV Positive
      6. Lead Exposure
      7. Lymphedema
      8. Sickle Cell Anemia
      9. Thalassemia
    2. Chromosome Disorders

      1. Cystic Fibrosis
      2. Down Syndrome
      3. Genetic Syndrome
      4. PKU
      5. Teratoma
      6. Turner Syndrome
    3. Congenital Heart Defects

      1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
      2. Heart Defect
      3. Tetralogy of Fallot
    4. Craniofacial Conditions

      1. Apert Syndrome
      2. Cleft lip or palate
      3. Hemifacial Microsomia
    5. Developmental Needs

      1. Apraxia of Speech and Muteness
      2. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's)
      3. Cognitive Delays
      4. Failure to Thrive
      5. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
      6. Growth Delay
      7. Motor Delays
      8. Premature Birth
      9. Psychomotor Development Retardation (PDR)
      10. Speech Delay
    6. Digestive System Conditions

      1. Hernia
      2. Megacolon
    7. Hearing

      1. Deaf
      2. Hearing Impairment
      3. Microtia and Atresia
    8. Neurological Conditions

      1. Cerebral Palsy
      2. Dyskinesia
      3. Epilepsy
      4. Hydrocephalus
      5. Microcephaly
      6. Seizure Disorder/ Epilepsy
    9. Orthopedic Conditions

      1. Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs
      2. Arthrogryposis
      3. Brachial Plexus Injury
      4. Club foot
      5. Digit Difference
      6. Dwarfism
      7. Flexion Deformity
      8. Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast
      9. Limb Differences
      10. Osteogenesis Imperfecta
      11. Radial Club
      12. Rickets
      13. Scoliosis
      14. Spina Bifida
      15. Torticollis
      16. Wheelchair Dependent
      17. Wheelchair Dependent
    10. Other Considerations

      1. 9 Years Plus
      2. AGEING OUT
      3. Attachment Issues
      4. Second Placement
      5. Trauma
    11. Skin Conditions

      1. Albinism
      2. Burns
      3. Congenital Blue Nevus
      4. Congenital Nevi
      5. Eczema
      6. Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB)
      7. Hemangioma
      8. Ichthyosis
      9. Port Wine Stains
    12. Urogenital Conditions

      1. Ambiguous Genitalia
      2. Anal Atresia / Imperforate Anus
      3. Hypospadias
      4. Incontinence
      5. Kidney Issues
    13. Vision

      1. Blind
      2. Cataracts
      3. Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia
      4. Missing Eye
      5. Nystagmus
      6. Ptosis
      7. Strabismus
      8. Visual Impairment


1597 Adoption Stories


4 Children with Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs

Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs

Orthopedic Conditions

Facts About Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs

When a baby is developing inside the uterus, he or she is in fluid filled sac called the "amniotic sac." This sac is made up of strong fibers that are usually hard to break. Occasionally, this sac will tear open, and the sticky strands of the amniotic sac can wrap around the developing baby's limbs, head or torso. When this happens, amniotic banding may occur.

Each child with ABS is different. The most common effect of amniotic banding is seen when the fibers wrap around the arms, legs, fingers or toes. The fibers cause deep grooves which may look like the baby had a tight rubber band on that place. If the amniotic banding is severe, it may cause the complete amputation of finger(s), toe(s) or a portion of the limb. A cleft lip may occur when it is wrapped around the face (less common). Clubfeet, fused fingers and toes, and hemangiomasis are also common effects of amniotic banding. ABS is associated with an estimated 31.5% of club feet.

Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs Challenges

ABS does not typically present any significant complications.

Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs Treatment

Treatment depends on which body part the band was wrapped around and the severity of the abnormality it caused.

  • Prosthetics: Prosthetics allow a child to retain some function of the areas of their bodies affected by ABS. How and when these are needed are individual to the child.
  • Splints/Casts: Splints and casts may be used in lieu of surgery to correct club feet. See the description for Club feet for more information on treatment.
  • Physical Therapy: PT will help the child learn to adapt to the use of their prosthetic and improve their gross motor skills. PT will also help children with corrected club feet.  
  • Occupational Therapy: OT can help a child learn to adapt to their limitations in order to care for themselves, as well as improving fine motor skills like pinching, writing, and holding utensils to eat.
  • Surgery: In certain cases, surgery can help increase mobility in the child’s joints. There are several different types of surgery that could be used:
    • Distraction Augmentation Manoplasty – The technique pioneered by Dr. Norman Cowen “grows” up to one inch of bone per month to create palms and lengthen fingers. A contraption of steel rods, pins, and screws is inserted through the existing bone. Screws are turned at an even rate several times a day to achieve growth of up to one millimeter a day. Turning the screws takes up slack and the body responds to this stress by growing bone.
    • Realignment Surgery - Surgery to move affected bones into a better position.
    • If an amniotic band is constricting, doctors may perform a surgery to release the band. The exact method used will depend on details of your baby’s bands, like the number of bands, where they are and how deep and close they are.

Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs Prognosis

Most children with this special need have a normal life span and can lead independent lives. However, some children with more serious cases need lifelong help with daily activities. There is excellent long-term outcome for babies with only their limbs affected, even in the case of amputation. is an Adoption Advocacy Website. We are the largest and oldest, online website helping people to adopt from multiple countries. Through RainbowKids, thousands of special needs and waiting children have found families... READ ABOUT US




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