Orthopedic Conditions

Orthopedic Conditions

Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs

When a baby is developing inside the uterus, he or she is in fluid filled sac called the "amniotic sac." This sac is made up of strong fibers that are usually hard to break. Occasionally, this sac will tear open, and the... Read more about Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs.


Arthrogryposis is a term used to describe a number of rare, non-progressive conditions characterized by stiff joints and abnormal muscle development. It is also referred to as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) or ... Read more about Arthrogryposis.

Brachial Plexus Injury

A brachial plexus injury occurs during birth when the neck is over-distended or one arm is stretched or caught in the birth canal. The injury can result in the tearing of tendons or muscles or even the breakage of bones.... Read more about Brachial Plexus Injury.

Club foot

Club foot is a condition where one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) of an infant's feet are rotated inward, often giving the impression of being upside dow. The deformed foot may be smaller than normal, and the affected ... Read more about Club foot.

Digit Difference

Missing, extra, or deformed fingers or toes.  More information to be added soon


Dwarfism is a medical or genetic condition that results in an adult height of 4'10" or shorter. Most occurrences of dwarfism result from a random genetic mutation in either the sperm or the egg rather than... Read more about Dwarfism.

Flexion Deformity

This is a diagnosis that can sound a great deal scarier than it may in fact be. For families considering the adoption of a child with this diagnosis, we provide the following definition of Flexion Deformity. A flexion de... Read more about Flexion Deformity.

Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast

Funnel chest is a term that describes a breastbone with a deep depression that may compress the heart or lungs. It may stem from rickets or a genetic defect, but the exact cause is unknown. There are many families that h... Read more about Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast.

Limb Differences

The term, Limb Differences, is used in reference to the congenital (something a person is born with) absence or malformation of limbs. Some limb differences may be acquired as the result of an injury or disease that requ... Read more about Limb Differences.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Osteogensis Imperfecta is a genetic bone disease characterized by bones which are weaker and that break easily. There are eight types of OI, and which type the child has dictates the severity of the symptoms. Childr... Read more about Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

Radial Club

Radial club hand is a very rare birth defect in which the inner forearm does not form properly. This causes the hand to be drawn inward with limited movement. In addition to the curvature of the wrist and forearm, there ... Read more about Radial Club.


Although rarely seen in the USA, rickets is a common childhood disease in developing countries. It creates a softening of the bones, resulting in deformities or fractures. Rickets is caused by a lack of adequate amounts ... Read more about Rickets.


Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine. It may or may not be noticeable at birth and may worsen during the adolescent growth spurt. It may present as a raised shoulder, an uneven breast line, uneven hips, walking difficul... Read more about Scoliosis.

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that is caused by a failure of the infant’s spine to completely close during the first month of pregnancy. Spina bifida can range greatly in severity.  During early develop... Read more about Spina Bifida.


Torticollis is a condition that tightens the muscles of the neck, pulling the head to one side. Birth trauma or poor positioning in the womb can cause congenital torticollis. With children from orphanages, torticollis ca... Read more about Torticollis.

Wheelchair Dependent

Information to be added soon

Wheelchair Dependent

Information to be added soon