1. Special Needs in Children

    1. Blood Conditions

      1. Blood Disorder
      2. Hemophilia
      3. Hepatitis B Positive
      4. Hepatitis C
      5. HIV Positive
      6. Lead Exposure
      7. Lymphedema
      8. Sickle Cell Anemia
      9. Thalassemia
    2. Chromosome Disorders

      1. Cystic Fibrosis
      2. Down Syndrome
      3. Genetic Syndrome
      4. PKU
      5. Teratoma
      6. Turner Syndrome
    3. Congenital Heart Defects

      1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
      2. Heart Defect
      3. Tetralogy of Fallot
    4. Craniofacial Conditions

      1. Apert Syndrome
      2. Cleft lip or palate
      3. Hemifacial Microsomia
    5. Developmental Needs

      1. Apraxia of Speech and Muteness
      2. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's)
      3. Cognitive Delays
      4. Failure to Thrive
      5. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
      6. Growth Delay
      7. Motor Delays
      8. Premature Birth
      9. Psychomotor Development Retardation (PDR)
      10. Speech Delay
    6. Digestive System Conditions

      1. Hernia
      2. Megacolon
    7. Hearing

      1. Deaf
      2. Hearing Impairment
      3. Microtia and Atresia
    8. Neurological Conditions

      1. Cerebral Palsy
      2. Dyskinesia
      3. Epilepsy
      4. Hydrocephalus
      5. Microcephaly
      6. Seizure Disorder/ Epilepsy
    9. Orthopedic Conditions

      1. Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs
      2. Arthrogryposis
      3. Brachial Plexus Injury
      4. Club foot
      5. Digit Difference
      6. Dwarfism
      7. Flexion Deformity
      8. Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast
      9. Limb Differences
      10. Osteogenesis Imperfecta
      11. Radial Club
      12. Rickets
      13. Scoliosis
      14. Spina Bifida
      15. Torticollis
      16. Wheelchair Dependent
      17. Wheelchair Dependent
    10. Other Considerations

      1. 9 Years Plus
      2. AGEING OUT
      3. Attachment Issues
      4. Second Placement
      5. Trauma
    11. Skin Conditions

      1. Albinism
      2. Burns
      3. Congenital Blue Nevus
      4. Congenital Nevi
      5. Eczema
      6. Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB)
      7. Hemangioma
      8. Ichthyosis
      9. Port Wine Stains
    12. Urogenital Conditions

      1. Ambiguous Genitalia
      2. Anal Atresia / Imperforate Anus
      3. Hypospadias
      4. Incontinence
      5. Kidney Issues
    13. Vision

      1. Blind
      2. Cataracts
      3. Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia
      4. Missing Eye
      5. Nystagmus
      6. Ptosis
      7. Strabismus
      8. Visual Impairment


1595 Adoption Stories


248 Children with Heart Defect

Heart Defect

Congenital Heart Defects

Facts About Heart Defect

Congenital heart defects arise when an infant’s heart fails to form properly in the womb. Defects can occur in the formation of the chambers of the heart or in the valves that facilitate blood flow as the heart beats. In addition, a heart defect can damage the blood vessels leading to and away from the heart, resulting in circulatory problems. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential for these children to live happy, normal lives. Corrective surgeries can repair most heart defects. Some types of heart defects are:


  • VSD (Ventricular Septal Defect) is a small, moderate, or large hole in the muscle that divides the two lower chambers of the heart. Smaller holes may not pose a problem to the child and usually close on their own, but larger holes require surgery.
  • • ASD (Atrial Septal Defect) is a defect that leaves a hole between the two upper chambers of the heart. This may or may not cause difficulty for the child, and a catheter inserted into the heart can close the opening. This defect does not require corrective open-heart surgery.
  • PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosis) occurs when the open valve that allows an unborn baby’s blood to bypass the lungs fails to close after birth. This results in a heart murmur, an extra sound when the heart beats, and it will cause shortness of breath in the infant until surgery closes the valve.
  • TOF (Tetralogy of Fallot) describes a series of distinctive heart problems that result in severe shortness of breath for the infant. Immediate surgery takes place to correct these problems.
  • • In SV (Single Ventricle), some children are born with a single lower chamber in the heart instead of two, resulting in poor oxygenation and shortness of breath. These infants may appear blue. The problem requires several surgeries to be corrected.

Heart Defect Challenges

  • Children with heart problems may tire easily, especially during feeding. Small bottles given at frequent intervals can encourage the child to take in an adequate amount of calories.
  • These children are at risk for weight loss and may require a high-calorie diet to promote proper growth. Regular medical checkups and good dental care are important to a child with heart problems.


Heart Defect Treatment

Please see above under "Facts"

  • Thousands of children born with heart problems have been adopted, received necessary treatment, and are going up healthy and loved in their new families. Children with heart problems can lead normal lives with proper medical care. is an Adoption Advocacy Website. We are the largest and oldest, online website helping people to adopt from multiple countries. Through RainbowKids, thousands of special needs and waiting children have found families... READ ABOUT US




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