1. Special Needs in Children

    1. Blood Conditions

      1. Blood Disorder
      2. Hemophilia
      3. Hepatitis B Positive
      4. Hepatitis C
      5. HIV Positive
      6. Lead Exposure
      7. Lymphedema
      8. Sickle Cell Anemia
      9. Thalassemia
    2. Chromosome Disorders

      1. Cystic Fibrosis
      2. Down Syndrome
      3. Genetic Syndrome
      4. PKU
      5. Teratoma
      6. Turner Syndrome
    3. Congenital Heart Defects

      1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
      2. Heart Defect
      3. Tetralogy of Fallot
    4. Craniofacial Conditions

      1. Apert Syndrome
      2. Cleft lip or palate
      3. Hemifacial Microsomia
    5. Developmental Needs

      1. Apraxia of Speech and Muteness
      2. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's)
      3. Cognitive Delays
      4. Failure to Thrive
      5. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
      6. Growth Delay
      7. Motor Delays
      8. Premature Birth
      9. Psychomotor Development Retardation (PDR)
      10. Speech Delay
    6. Digestive System Conditions

      1. Hernia
      2. Megacolon
    7. Hearing

      1. Deaf
      2. Hearing Impairment
      3. Microtia and Atresia
    8. Neurological Conditions

      1. Cerebral Palsy
      2. Dyskinesia
      3. Epilepsy
      4. Hydrocephalus
      5. Microcephaly
      6. Seizure Disorder/ Epilepsy
    9. Orthopedic Conditions

      1. Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs
      2. Arthrogryposis
      3. Brachial Plexus Injury
      4. Club foot
      5. Digit Difference
      6. Dwarfism
      7. Flexion Deformity
      8. Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast
      9. Limb Differences
      10. Osteogenesis Imperfecta
      11. Radial Club
      12. Rickets
      13. Scoliosis
      14. Spina Bifida
      15. Torticollis
      16. Wheelchair Dependent
      17. Wheelchair Dependent
    10. Other Considerations

      1. 9 Years Plus
      2. AGEING OUT
      3. Attachment Issues
      4. Second Placement
      5. Trauma
    11. Skin Conditions

      1. Albinism
      2. Burns
      3. Congenital Blue Nevus
      4. Congenital Nevi
      5. Eczema
      6. Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB)
      7. Hemangioma
      8. Ichthyosis
      9. Port Wine Stains
    12. Urogenital Conditions

      1. Ambiguous Genitalia
      2. Anal Atresia / Imperforate Anus
      3. Hypospadias
      4. Incontinence
      5. Kidney Issues
    13. Vision

      1. Blind
      2. Cataracts
      3. Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia
      4. Missing Eye
      5. Nystagmus
      6. Ptosis
      7. Strabismus
      8. Visual Impairment


1597 Adoption Stories


2032 Children with Vision


Special Needs in Children



Blindness in children may result from a birth defect that affects the proper development of the eyes. Certain infections can also cause blindness while the baby is in the womb or after birth. Some children with visual de... Read more about Blind.


Cataracts are uncommon in children, but occasionally a child is born with cataracts or develops them early in life. Cataracts appear as a white cloudy film over the pupil and/or iris and can vary in size. Small cataracts... Read more about Cataracts.

Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia

Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a disorder of  sight.  It involves decreased vision in an eye that otherwise appears normal. This disorder has been estimated to affect 1-5% of the population. &nbs... Read more about Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia.

Missing Eye

Some children are born with a missing or under-formed eye. In rare cases, a child may be born with both eyes affected. This can be the result of a genetic defect or an injury that occurs while the baby is still in the wo... Read more about Missing Eye.


Nystagmus is an involuntary movement of the eyes. It is often rhythmic and can occur horizontally, vertically, or in a circular motion. This condition is usually not present at birth but can develop in the first few mont... Read more about Nystagmus.


Ptosis is a condition that causes one or both eyelids to droop.  When considering the adoption of a child with this medical condition, understand that it is common, and easily correctable.  In some cases, a chi... Read more about Ptosis.


Strabismus has the common name of crossed eyes or lazy eye. This condition is due to an improper alignment of the eyes that prohibits both eyes from focusing on the same point at the same time. One of the eyes often has ... Read more about Strabismus.

Visual Impairment

Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.   For the sake of discussing children in... Read more about Visual Impairment. is an Adoption Advocacy Website. We are the largest and oldest, online website helping people to adopt from multiple countries. Through RainbowKids, thousands of special needs and waiting children have found families... READ ABOUT US




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