Chromosome Disorders

Down Syndrome

Facts About Down Syndrome

Adopting a child diagnosed with Down Syndrome can seem daunting at first.  But did you know that hundreds of families adopt a child with this condition every year?  

Down syndrome is a common genetic variation which usually causes delay in physical, intellectual and language development. The exact causes of the chromosomal rearrangement and Waiting Children with Down Syndromeprimary prevention of Down syndrome are currently unknown. Down syndrome is one of the leading clinical causes of cognitive delay in the world - it is not related to race, nationality, religion or socio-economic status. There is wide variation in mental abilities, behavior and physical development in individuals with Down syndrome.

Down Syndrome Adoption Article: Adopting Our Most Precious Treasure

Each individual has his/her own unique personality, capabilities and talents. 30% - 50% of the individuals with Down syndrome have heart defects and 8% - 12% have gastrointestinal tract abnormalities present at birth. Most of these defects are now correctable by surgery. Individuals with Down syndrome benefit from loving homes, early intervention, inclusive education, appropriate medical care and positive public attitudes. In adulthood, many persons with Down syndrome hold jobs, live independently and enjoy recreational opportunities in their communities.

Down Syndrome Challenges

Children with Down syndrome may also have:

  • Poor muscle tone
  • Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm
  • Relatively short fingers
  • Excessive flexibility

 Infants born with Down syndrome may be of average size, but typically they grow slowly and remain smaller than other children of similar age. Children with Down syndrome also have some degree of mental retardation, ranging from mild to moderate.

Down Syndrome Treatment

  • There's no medical treatment for Down syndrome that will provide a cure. But children with Down syndrome do benefit from medical help and early interventions, starting in infancy.
  • If your child has Down syndrome, you'll likely become acquainted with a team of doctors that may include a pediatric cardiologist, a gastroenterologist, a developmental pediatrician and other specialists. These doctors can detect and treat complications of Down syndrome, such as heart defects, gastrointestinal problems and hearing problems.

Resources for Down Syndrome


Down Syndrome
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Down Syndrome