ADOPTION EVENTS

  1. Special Needs in Children

    1. Blood Conditions

      1. Blood Disorder
      2. Hemophilia
      3. Hepatitis B Positive
      4. Hepatitis C
      5. HIV Positive
      6. Lead Exposure
      7. Lymphedema
      8. Sickle Cell Anemia
      9. Thalassemia
    2. Chromosome Disorders

      1. Cystic Fibrosis
      2. Down Syndrome
      3. Genetic Syndrome
      4. PKU
      5. Teratoma
      6. Turner Syndrome
    3. Congenital Heart Defects

      1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
      2. Heart Defect
      3. Tetralogy of Fallot
    4. Craniofacial Conditions

      1. Apert Syndrome
      2. Cleft lip or palate
      3. Hemifacial Microsomia
    5. Developmental Needs

      1. Apraxia of Speech and Muteness
      2. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's)
      3. Cognitive Delays
      4. Failure to Thrive
      5. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
      6. Growth Delay
      7. Motor Delays
      8. Premature Birth
      9. Psychomotor Development Retardation (PDR)
      10. Speech Delay
    6. Digestive System Conditions

      1. Hernia
      2. Megacolon
    7. Hearing

      1. Deaf
      2. Hearing Impairment
      3. Microtia and Atresia
    8. Neurological Conditions

      1. Cerebral Palsy
      2. Dyskinesia
      3. Epilepsy
      4. Hydrocephalus
      5. Microcephaly
      6. Seizure Disorder/ Epilepsy
    9. Orthopedic Conditions

      1. Amniotic Band Syndrome / Missing Limbs
      2. Arthrogryposis
      3. Brachial Plexus Injury
      4. Club foot
      5. Digit Difference
      6. Dwarfism
      7. Flexion Deformity
      8. Funnel Chest / Pigeon Breast
      9. Limb Differences
      10. Osteogenesis Imperfecta
      11. Radial Club
      12. Rickets
      13. Scoliosis
      14. Spina Bifida
      15. Torticollis
      16. Wheelchair Dependent
      17. Wheelchair Dependent
    10. Skin Conditions

      1. Albinism
      2. Burns
      3. Congenital Blue Nevus
      4. Congenital Nevi
      5. Eczema
      6. Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB)
      7. Ichthyosis
      8. Port Wine Stains
    11. Urogenital Conditions

      1. Ambiguous Genitalia
      2. Anal Atresia / Imperforate Anus
      3. Hypospadias
      4. Incontinence
      5. Kidney Issues
    12. Vision

      1. Blind
      2. Cataracts
      3. Lazy Eye / Amyblyopia
      4. Missing Eye
      5. Nystagmus
      6. Ptosis
      7. Strabismus
      8. Visual Impairment

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5 Children with Hemifacial Microsomia

Hemifacial Microsomia

Craniofacial Conditions


Facts About Hemifacial Microsomia

Children born with hemifacial microsomia will have underdevelopment of one side of their face, usually involving the ear, mouth and jaw. One side of the face will usually appear smaller than the other. The outer ear may be malformed or absent. Children may have hearing and speech difficulties. The severity can vary greatly between children. In more severe cases, a child’s skull, teeth, jaw muscles, middle ear and upper jaw may also be affected.

View Waiting Children with Hemifacial Microsomia

Other common names: 
Brachial arch syndrome, facio-auriculo-vertebral syndrome, oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, lateral facial dysplasia

Causes: 
The exact cause of hemifacial microsomia is unknown. It could be caused by a burst blood vessel in the face during development in-utero, which could cause slowed growth in that side of the face. It usually occurs sporadically, however research has indicated occurrences of more than one case in a family.

Hemifacial Microsomia Challenges

Hemifacial microsomia can also be an indication of Goldenhar syndrome, where a child will have abnormal growths on the eye and spinal deformities as well.  With proper treatment, this syndrome generally has a very positive prognosis.   

Hemifacial Microsomia Treatment

Because hemifacial microsomia affects each child different, they should be evaluated by a comprehensive craniofacial team. Treatment may involve surgery on the jaw including bone grafts and surgery to correct the outer ear. Speech therapy may also be necessary. Because growth is permanently inhibited on the affected side of the face, children will need to continue to be seen throughout adolescence.

Hemifacial Microsomia Prognosis

Most children born with hemifacial microsomia are able to lead healthy lives. 

Resources for Hemifacial Microsomia


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