Facts About Apert Syndrome
Apert syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones (craniosynostosis). This early fusion prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape of the head and face. In addition, a varied number of fingers and toes are fused together (syndactyly).
Many of the characteristic facial features of Apert syndrome result from the premature fusion of the skull bones. The head is unable to grow normally, which leads to a sunken appearance of the mid-face, bulging eyes, and an underdeveloped upper jaw.
Many families have adopted children with Apert Syndrome. Adults with this condition, or those who have siblings/ family members with this condition, make excellent parents for children who are in need of understanding and support.
Individuals with Apert syndrome have webbed or fused fingers and toes. The severity of the fusion varies; at a minimum, three digits on each hand and foot are fused together. In the most severe cases, all of the fingers and toes are fused. Less commonly, people with this condition may have extra fingers or toes (polydactyly)
Apert Syndrome Challenges
The underdevelopment of the upper jaw can lead to crowded teeth and other dental problems. Shallow eye sockets can cause vision problems. Early fusion of the skull bones also affects the development of the brain, which may disrupt intellectual development.
Cognitive abilities in people with Apert syndrome range from normal to mild or moderate intellectual disability.