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While some types of adoption can be expensive, financial programs and resources may be available to help you with these costs. Whether you are interested in adoption tax benefits, adoption assistance programs from your employer, or the adoption subsidy program, we can help you find the information you need. You might want to begin your research with an excellent resource guide from the National Endowment for Financial Education: How to Make Adoption An Affordable Option.
Federal Tax Adoption Credit
You may be able to reduce the cost of your adoption by applying for an adoption tax credit on your federal tax return. For adoptions finalized starting in tax year 2002, the credit is up to $10,000 per adoption. (Prior to 2002, the tax credit was $5,000 per adoption or $6,000 for the adoption of a child with special needs.) The $10,000 credit also applies to international adoptions after finalization. The tax credit limit is for expenses associated with each adopted child, rather than an annual limit. The tax credit benefits moderate-income families most; it phases out for high-income families. The phase-out starts for families whose adjusted gross income exceeds $150,000. The tax credit is eliminated entirely once adjusted gross income reaches $190,000.
The federal adoption tax credit is more beneficial than a simple tax deduction. Under the tax credit, adoption expenses may be deducted from your overall federal tax liability. For example, if your federal tax obligation is $4,000 and you have $3,000 in adoption expenses, your tax liability is reduced to $1,000. Additionally, if your tax bill is smaller than the amount of your expenses, you can carry forward the unused portion of your adoption tax credit for the next several years. Qualified adoption expenses may include adoption fees, attorney fees, travel costs, including necessary transportation, meals, and lodging. If you are receiving reimbursement for the allowed adoption expenses from another source, such as the Adoption Subsidy program, or from an employee benefits program, there are limitations on the use of the tax credit. To learn more about the Federal Adoption Tax Credit, you should consult your tax professional and IRS Publication 968.
Perhaps your employer is among the roughly 25% of companies in the United States that offer some form of adoption benefits to their employees. Typical benefits may include reimbursements of adoption expenses; paid leave in addition to vacation time, sick leave, or personal days; and unpaid leave. Reimbursement amounts can run from $1,000 to $10,000. Adoptions Together maintains a list of employers that offer adoption assistance. To find out whether your employer offers adoption benefits, contact the human resources office where you work.
Even if your company does not now offer adoption benefits, you may be able to persuade your employer to do so. Studies have shown that adoption benefits are among the most cost-effective advantages an employer can offer. We have an area listing employers offering benefits, and showing you how to make a proposal to your employer. Visit that section here.
Families adopting internationally typically travel overseas to complete their adoptions. You can use frequent flyer miles to reduce the cost of airfare significantly. Many credit card companies offer frequent flyer miles as incentives. Check with your individual credit card issuers to see if this benefit is available to you. Many families in our international program pay their adoption expenses with their credit card so they can accumulate frequent flyer miles, thereby reducing the cost of their adoption travel expenses. A high percentage of families take out a 2-4 year personal loan to help cover adoption expenses.
A Child Waits Foundation
A Child Waits Foundation provides low interest loans for families who do not have any other option than to request a loan in order to proceed with international adoption. You can visit http://www.achildwaits.org/ to learn more.
A Child's Desire
A Child's Desire offers adoption grants to nonprofit agencies, and they also offer an adoption fundraising program to adopting families. http://www.achildsdesire.org/fundraising.htm
Hebrew Free Loan Association
Hebrew Free Loan Association offers adoption loans (interest free) to Jewish families who demonstrate financial need and strong desire to adopt a child. Please visit their website at http://www.hflasf.org/adopt-loans.html
Funds 4 Families
Please visit http://www.funds4families.com/ or call (800) 451-3372 to find out more about home loans such as home equity plans, debt consolidation plans and refinancing plans. Also you can consult your bank or other current mortgage lender and a tax person regarding some tax benefits of the possible loans.
The National Adoption Foundation
Grants ranging from $500 to $4,000 are available to prospective adoptive parents 4 times a year. You can access to the National Adoption Foundation's website at http://www.nafadopt.org/NafGrants.htm or call (203) 791-3811. For unsecured loans, please call (800) 626-2760 and for secured loans (800) 841-1982.
Bright Futures Adoption Assistance Foundation
The Bright Futures foundation helps orphans to find forever families by providing small grants to prospective adoptive parents. You can visit their website at http://www.homestead.com/brightfutures/
Gift of Adoption Fund
Grants ranging from $2,000 to $5,000 are available monthly to families adopting children with serious medical issues and for low-income families. You can access Gift of Adoption Fund's website at http:// www.jsw-adoption.org/ To contact the fund, please call (262)268-1386 or (877)905-2367, email address firstname.lastname@example.org
is a little different than most grant programs. They put grant money on specific children that are submitted to them by placing agencies in the hopes of getting potential families interested in the child. On their site you can see a photo listing of children and how much the grant is that is being offered for that child. http://www.brittanyshope.org/
HIS KIDS TOO is a Christian non-profit international humanitarian aid organization that provides aid to orphans and widows in several countries - their primary focus is Ukraine, Russia,and Albania. For parent(s) adopting international children, His KidsToo! provides an adoption grant of up to $2,000 for one child, and up to $4,000 for two children. Grants are paid directly to the agency or facilitation service (for independent adoptions, grants approved on a case-by-case basis.) http://www.hiskidstoo.org/
Shaohanna's Hope is dedicated to caring for orphans by engaging the church and helping Christian families reduce the financial burden of adoption. They accomplish this by awarding financial adoption grants to qualified families already in the process of adopting. The size of the grant awarded is determined by several factors, the most important being need. With a commitment in faith by the family, Shaohannah's Hope will provide up to $7000 toward the cost of adopting, thereby reducing the financial barriers and allowing more families to experience the miracle of adoption. Don't let finances keep you from adopting a child. To receive an application packet, send your contact information to them via e-mail to email@example.com or call them toll free at 1-800-784-5361. Serious inquiries only please! http://www.shaohannahshope.com/Grants.htm
The Sheperds Crook Ministries offers financial assistance to Christian families who are led to adopt any of the children listed on their web site. This is accomplished by awarding grants as their funds allow. Please contact them via e-mail if you desire an application for financial aid.
The Shepherd's Crook Ministries
P.O. Box 773
West Chester, OH 45071
World Association of Children & Parents is a well-established adoption agency offering financial assistance in the way of loans & grants to perspective parents that adopt through their organization. Their Promise Child Program has specific waiting children from all their country programs that have almost all fees waived for their adoptions. These children are selected by the WACAP staff and grant money provided to WACAP pays for almost the entire expense of the child's adoption. Call WACAP and ask for a staff member working under their "Family Finders Project" regarding children available.
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